Examples

Bicycles in the Netherlands

This section presents an example application of the safe integration of bicycles into the urban environment. This is an interesting example because cycling has social, economic and health aspects and is a green form of urban transportation. Nevertheless, the safety of cyclists is essential to ensure that it remains a popular form of urban transportation. In the Netherlands, about 35% of people use bicycles on a daily basis, which means the public demand for safety must be taken seriously. In 1970, people protested against the high number of child deaths on the roads and started the movement called ‘Stop child murder’ because of the high rate of casualties, especially at crossings. This demand influenced government policy in the Netherlands, which perceived the bicycle as a critical means of safe transportation in urban areas. Along with geographical considerations, bike-friendly infrastructure and bike-friendly policy are the keys to the safe integration of bicycles into the system.

Here, the elements of safe integration have been described and listed using the safety cube method. For this purpose, the three elements of the human, system, and environment are the starting points. The table below presents these three elements and their connections. The table shows the requirements for creating a safe cycling experience for users. It goes far beyond the design of a safe bicycle and a safe helmet, requiring an integral view that combines proper infrastructure with supportive policy and a culture that embraces it in order to achieve the optimum results. It is important to note that the table presented here for this example does not present all the detailed information required for the safe integration of bicycles into urban areas.

HumanSystemEnvironment
HumanCyclist, other road users, regulators, service providersQuality & condition control, human-power input, steeringDriving culture of e-bikes, cars, motorcycles, or other road users
SystemSafe, comfortable, economical, healthy, and enjoyable personal transportBicycleVisibility in daylight, night, or in rain
EnvironmentTraffic regulations, and traffic management system, climate requirementstrees, snow or ice on the path, fallen trees or bushes Road, signs, curbs, markings,     other road-vehicles, crossing, parking, climate, policy, regulations
 

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Safety of Machinery

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